Further Reading

Positioning manoeuvres to diagnose BPPV

  • British Society of Audiology: Position tests (PDF)
  • Uneri A, Polat S. Vertigo, dizziness and imbalance in the elderly. J Laryngol 546 Otol 2008; 122: 466-9.
  • Dix MR, Hallpike CS. The pathology, symptomatology and diagnosis of certain 515 common disorders of the vestibular system. Proc Royal Soc Med 1952; 45: 516 341-354.
  • Baloh RW, Honrubia V, Jacobson K. Benign positional vertigo: clinical and 502 oculographic features in 240 cases. Neurology 1987; 37: 371-378.

Repositioning Manoeuvres

Vestibular Migraine Management

  • NICE CKS: Scenario: Migraine in adults
  • Li Vivien, McArdle Helen, Trip S Anand. Vestibular migraine BMJ 2019; 366 :l4213
  • Dieterich M, Obermann M, Celebisoy N. Vestibular migraine: the most frequent entity of episodic vertigo. J Neurol. 2016;263 Suppl 1:S82–S89. doi:10.1007/s00415-015-7905-2
  • Kaski, D. Neurological update: dizziness. J Neurol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-020-09748-w

Abnormal Head Impulse Test: Central vs Peripheral

  • Huh YE, Kim JS. Bedside evaluation of dizzy patients. J Clin Neurol. 2013;9(4):203–213. doi:10.3988/jcn.2013.9.4.203
  • Baloh, R. W. (1998). Differentiating between peripheral and central causes of vertigo. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, 119(1), 55–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0194-5998(98)70173-1

HINTS Exam- Ruling out Central Pathology